A participant on a proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain, involved in validating blocks for rewards.
Much like a banker who is responsible for verifying a transaction before its processing, a validator verifies each incoming transaction.
A transaction can only be completed and its record can be added to the blockchain once its accuracy and legal authenticity are checked—that’s done by a validator.
In the Proof-of-Stake mechanism, a validator determines whether or not a transaction conforms to the rules that deem it as valid. The entire process makes a blockchain network secure and transparent.
Some blockchains work on the Proof-of-Work model for validation and some rely on the Proof-of-Stake method. For blockchains that follow the PoW method, miners solve complex mathematical problems—and other nodes cross-check that information - to earn rewards. This method requires miners to work as validators. The one who solves the puzzle first gets to add their block and receives rewards.
But what is wrong with PoW? Well, mining isn’t the best solution due to its requirements as it needs specialized hardware for producing the required computational power—and consumes a lot of energy.
Proof-of-Stake, on the other hand, doesn’t require specialized hardware or energy. This method focuses on the currency power by determining participation according to the coin supply. The protocol selects the validators randomly in accordance with the staked coins. Validators in such a mechanism receive transaction or network fees as rewards.
In principle, both validation protocols share a common goal. However, Proof-of-Stake is considered to be safer and more efficient than Proof-of-Work.
Join the thousands already learning crypto!