Evmos is a highly scalable, high-throughput blockchain running on a proof-of-stake
(PoS) consensus mechanism
and built with the Cosmos
software development kit (SDK) on top of the Tendermint Core Byzantine Fault Tolerance
The Tendermint Core BFT is essentially a plug-and-play consensus mechanism allowing developers to separate the network and application layer blockchains. For example, Evmos has EVM
compatibility and is an "Ethereum
copy," but runs on the Cosmos SDK and can use PoS in contrast to Ethereum's energy-intensive proof-of-work
That allows Tendermint to combine the best of both worlds:
- EVM compatibility means DApps can build on both Evmos and Ethereum.
- Tendermint Core allows higher throughput = better performance than on Ethereum.
- Thanks to Cosmos' inter-blockchain communication (IBC) Evmos is horizontally scalable and can communicate with other Cosmos blockchains like Binance Chain, Terra and Crypto.org.
Thus Evmos is a step towards the philosophy of modular blockchains that can scale horizontally (across chains) and vertically (layer-two
on top of layer-one
on top of layer-zero). This contrasts Ethereum, which is currently mostly focusing on vertical scalability.
Join us in showcasing the cryptocurrency revolution, one newsletter at a time. Subscribe now to get daily news and market updates right to your inbox, along with our millions of other subscribers (that’s right, millions love us!) — what are you waiting for?
The key to understanding Evmos is understanding the Cosmos SDK, the Tendermint Core & Application Blockchain Interface (ABCI), and the Ethereum Virtual Machine
In simple terms, the Cosmos SDK is infrastructure by the Cosmos blockchain to build other PoS or proof-of-authority
blockchains. The Cosmos SDK employs a modular framework over a virtual machine-based framework. Understanding the difference between those two allows us to understand why this SDK is so well-suited to building interoperable, application-specific blockchains.
Virtual machine blockchains (Ethereum) use smart contracts to build applications. These can be adequate for certain use cases - like rigid command-execution-type of apps — but make it difficult to construct complex platforms. The limited logic of smart contracts restrains the versatility and performance of applications — think building the Taj Mahal with rectangular bricks only.
The Cosmos SDK allows developers to use pre-built and custom-built models and test them before launch. Furthermore, connecting horizontally with other Cosmos-based blockchains exposes DApps to a bigger user base right from the start. This horizontal integration is the inter-blockchain communication (IBC) of Cosmos, in simple terms, an internet of blockchains.
Application Blockchain Interface (ABCI)
The ABCI is the interface between Tendermint (the state machine platform providing Evmos with its PoS consensus mechanism) and the application running (e.g., a money market
DApp). It connects the Cosmos-based consensus mechanism and DApps by calling Request and receiving Response messages from the applications. These applications get relayed to the 150 validator nodes
on Cosmos and allow applications to be processed in any programming language while using PoS.
To put it simply, ABCI is the infrastructure that allows Evmos to replace Ethereum's proof-of-work with Cosmos' proof-of-stake.
Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM)
The EVM is Ethereum's computation engine that runs like a decentralized computer consisting of millions of single computers. It runs the execution and deployment of smart contracts
on Ethereum. Each node on Ethereum runs on the EVM, which is why Ethereum is sometimes described as the "decentralized super computer:" by building an application for EVM, you enable it to run on all Ethereum nodes.
Evmos combines the three previously mentioned features to deliver a Layer-1 blockchain that is EVM-compatible but runs on the Cosmos SDK and uses the ABCI to employ PoS. This gives Evmos several key advantages:
Throughput and Performance
Evmos is not limited by Ethereum's transaction speed but has the option to use Solidity
to attract developers from Ethereum to build on it. This results in higher transaction speed on Evmos (thanks to Tendermint BFT) and better scalability (DApps can deploy on other EVM-compatible chains). Evmos thus becomes a "vanilla Ethereum" on Cosmos.
Interoperability Via IBC
The IBC "web of blockchains" opens Evmos up to quick deployment on all IBC blockchains that share the application's smart contract language. In essence, the barrier to entry on other blockchains is lowered since Cosmos uses the aforementioned modular architecture instead of virtual machine-based architecture. Evmos thus immediately expands its potential user base.
Evmos plans to deploy its token through a so-called "Rektdrop" aimed at rewarding active participants in the Cosmos ecosystem. It plans to airdrop
rewards participants in the Ethereum and Cosmos ecosystems that got "rekt
" at some point. For this reason, the token will be distributed to a large degree based on participation in the most popular Ethereum DApps like Aave
, and others.
Evmos took a snapshot for its Rektdrop on November 25, 2021, and although the team has not yet decided on the weighting for the different categories in the eligibility requirements, they did stress that more eligible actions qualified users for more tokens. Eligible actions include spending gas
on any Ethereum application, bridging
on EVM bridges, using Osmosis
and providing liquidity or staking
there, or being a victim of a rug-pull
in projects like Polywork
, Pickle Finance, Iron Finance, Cream
The token will serve as a governance token
but also as gas similar to ETH on Ethereum. However, it will use be employed as a vehicle to determine future economic outcomes that align the three main actors (Developers, Users and Validators). In practice this means:
- Paying developers and network operators for their services via built-in shared fee revenue model (the dApp Store).
- Voting on protocol upgrades.
- Registering tokens on the ERC20 module for EVM-IBC integration with ERC20s.
- Allotting usage incentives for applications on Evmos.
- Enabling precompiles for useful, high priority functionality.
Unlike many other blockchain tokens, there will be no pre-sale and no pre-mining for the Evmos token. The initial genesis supply will be 200 million, with a total supply
of 1 billion. The initial token distribution will look as follows:
Evmos will be inflationary and distribute 300 million tokens in the first year, increasing inflation all through year four.
Newly distributed tokens will be distributed on a per-block basis in the following manner:
- Staking rewards: 40% — issued proportionally based on the amount of Evmos token staked. Evmos targets a staking rate of minimum 50%.
- Team vesting: 25%
- Usage incentives: 25% — dedicated to the usage incentives pool will help subsidize gas for users.
- Community pool: 10%
Furthermore, Evmos' "DApp store" revenue split model incentivizes developers to develop for its ecosystem and splits fees between contract devs and network operators. Initially, a 50:50 split is planned, subject to changes by community governance.
Evmos is enabling claims for its Rektdrop on March 1, 2022; thus, no price is available at the time of writing.
Although Evmos is not live at the time of writing, we can approximate a target price for the token based on a few proxies.
For instance, Terra
, the most valuable IBC blockchain, trades at a market capitalization
of $34 billion with a fully diluted value
(FDV) of $72 billion. However, Terra is by far the most popular IBC blockchain thanks to its connection to UST
. Therefore, it would be unrealistic to expect Evmos to achieve such a high market capitalization right out of the gates.
has a market capitalization of $9 billion
and is the third-most valuable blockchain in its ecosystem after the Cronos
chain that serves as a base layer for Crypto.com. However, as the base layer for Evmos, it will likely be more valuable, at least at the time of launch.
A more reasonable, albeit high target would be the market capitalization of RUNE
, itself a cross-chain protocol. It trades at $1.8 billion, with a fully diluted value of $2.8 billion. Taking $1 billion as a target market capitalization
for Evmos at launch (giving it a rather high $5 billion fully diluted value), the target price for Evmos would be $5
at launch. This would be a realistic upper band, with a lower band of $1 (a similar valuation to Injective
, a game-focused blockchain).
In conclusion, there is a lot to like about Evmos and its use cases. Its modular structure gives it higher sovereignty and better performance compared to other layer-1 chains, while its EVM compatibility is attractive to developers from the Ethereum ecosystem.
A bear case for Evmos would be the rather low popularity of the Cosmos ecosystem compared to others like Avalanche
(with the exception of Terra). Furthermore, the crypto market is in an especially volatile phase at the time of launch due to macro factors, making an undervaluation of Evmos possible. However, its solid fundamentals and tech stack, as well as the increasing interest in the Cosmos ecosystem and the well-incentivized Rektdrop, could make Evmos an attractive blockchain to follow for the long term.
This article contains links to third-party websites or other content for information purposes only (“Third-Party Sites”). The Third-Party Sites are not under the control of CoinMarketCap, and CoinMarketCap is not responsible for the content of any Third-Party Site, including without limitation any link contained in a Third-Party Site, or any changes or updates to a Third-Party Site. CoinMarketCap is providing these links to you only as a convenience, and the inclusion of any link does not imply endorsement, approval or recommendation by CoinMarketCap of the site or any association with its operators.
This article is intended to be used and must be used for informational purposes only. It is important to do your own research and analysis before making any material decisions related to any of the products or services described. This article is not intended as, and shall not be construed as, financial advice.
The views and opinions expressed in this article are the author’s [company’s] own and do not necessarily reflect those of CoinMarketCap.