Academy by CoinMarketCap takes a deep dive into The Graph (GRT), a Web 3.0 platform that makes data accessibility easy, fast, and reliable for the entire crypto economy.
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How Does The Graph (GRT) Work?
Based on subgraph manifest definitions, the Graph understands what to index and how to index Ethereum data. The subgraph description specifies the smart contracts that a subgraph is interested in, the events that should be monitored in those contracts, and how event data should be mapped to data that The Graph will store in its database.
What Does The Graph (GRT) Network Consists of?
The developers can use the subgraph studio used specifically for subgraphs that can index the Ethereum mainnet. The developers can also use hosted services through which they index networks that are present outside the Ethereum mainnet.
Indexers are node operators in The Graph Network who provide indexing and query processing services in exchange for GRT. Query fees and indexing rewards are paid to them in exchange for their efforts. They also profit from the Cobbs-Douglas Rebate Function, which distributes a Rebate Pool proportionally to the effort of all network contributors.
GRT that is staked in the protocol is subjected to a thawing period and can be shortened if Indexers are malicious and provide inaccurate data to apps, or if they index wrongly.
Curators are crucial to The Graph decentralized economy because they review and signal the subgraphs that should be indexed by The Graph Network using their expertise in the web3 ecosystem. Curators can use the Explorer to look at network data and make signaling judgments.
The Graph Network pays curators who flag high-quality subgraphs with a share of the query fees generated by those subgraphs. Early signaling is financially rewarded for curators. Indexers, who can then analyze or index the data from these signaled subgraphs, rely on these curator cues. Curators can choose to signal on a specific version of the subgraph or to use auto-migrate when signaling.
Delegators cannot be removed for inappropriate behavior, but there is a deposit tax on them to discourage improper decision-making that could jeopardize the network's authenticity.
On their delegated stake, delegators enjoy the protocol's earnings with all indexers. When selecting Indexers, a Delegator must apply their best judgment based on a variety of considerations like the delegation fee, the delegation unbonding period, choosing a trustworthy indexer, and so on.
Unique Features of The Graph (GRT)
Data is kept on the Ethereum blockchain by projects with complicated smart contracts, such as Uniswap, and NFTs efforts, such as Bored Ape Yacht Club, making it extremely difficult to read anything other than basic data directly from the blockchain. The utility of The Graph protocol is unique and best understood through this example.
Fundamental read operations on the contract, such as getting the owner of a specific Ape, obtaining the content URI of an Ape based on their ID, or getting the total supply, are possible in the case of Bored Ape Yacht Club because these read operations are programmed straight into the smart contract, but more sophisticated real-world queries and operations, such as aggregation, search, relationships, and non-trivial filtering, are not possible. For instance, if we tried to search for apes possessed by a specific address and limited by one of their attributes, we wouldn't be able to do so by engaging directly with the contract.
To obtain this information, you would have to analyze each and every transfer occurrence ever sent, read the metadata from IPFS using the Token ID and IPFS hash, and then aggregate it. A decentralized application running in a browser might take hours or even days to answer these sorts of very easy inquiries.
Finality, chain reorganizations, and uncalled blocks all hinder this procedure, making it not only time demanding but also conceptually difficult to extract the right query answers from blockchain data.
The Graph overcomes this problem by providing a decentralized system that indexes blockchain data and allows for faster and effective searching. A normal GraphQL API may then be used to query these APIs. There is now a hosted service and a decentralized protocol that perform the same functions. Both are handled by Graph Node, an open-source implementation.
The Graph (GRT) Tokenomics
The total token supply of GRT tokens is 10,000,000,000 and the current circulating supply is set at 4.72B GRT.
The Graph (GRT) Price
The Graph (GRT) is now trading around $0.5772, as of Jan. 12, 2022. Its 24-hour trading volume on exchanges is around $95,110,709.
The Graph (GRT) Price Prediction and Future Outlook
The Graph (GRT) is based on the Web 3.0 mechanism where all network roles, including the developer, indexer, curator, and delegator, get their fair share from the GRT network. Since the world is currently in the transition period from Web 2.0 to Web 3.0, GRT can bank on its unique features and polish them even further to lead the race of the future on which the web will operate. This will have an automatic effect on the price of the GRT token, which can break the $5 mark once the Web 3.0 tokens start to pump.
It must be noted that Web 3.0 is decentralized and enables connectivity like never before. $27 billion has already been invested in Web 3.0 by institutional investors who are banking on it to be the future of the internet. Ex-CEO of Twitter and many others are the early adopters of Web 3.0, and this trend is expected to skyrocket in 2022.
As the world takes a huge step towards adopting Web 3.0, GRT holders can expect the price of the token to go up significantly. Let's now discuss the GRT token's price history and its potential future.
Since its launch back in December 2020, the GRT token has gained over 450% now with its current price holding in the $0.5 range. The token went to an all-time high of $2.84 in February 2021; however, the infamous crypto crash of May 2021 brought it under $1. Since then, the GRT token has gone slightly above $1, however, its average holding price has been $0.5. This, however, is good news for the GRT holders, as many crypto experts believe that the Web 3.0 storm would take GRT back to its all-time highs in 2022. Although the GRT token belongs to the Web 3.0 family and is backed by many crypto experts out there, the high volatility of the crypto market makes it very difficult to predict the timing of the potential price spike.