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Initial Public Offering (IPO)

An initial public offering (IPO) is the process of a company offering shares for purchase on the stock market for the first time.

What Is an IPO?

An initial public offering (IPO), also known as an initial purchase offering, is one of the most important milestones in a company’s development. The IPO is the moment when a company becomes publicly available on a stock exchange, and traders can purchase shares of the business. Going public on the stock market is one of the best ways for companies to raise capital and boost their performance. This is also a significant milestone noting the successful growth of a company to the point where its work is of interest to public investors. 


IPOs are a big opportunity for companies, which is why a lot of new companies and start-ups are looking to go public. While the benefits are undeniable, a company can announce an IPO only after successfully completing a rigorous check from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Before announcing an IPO, companies are considered private, which limits the number of investors that can contribute to the company and own shares. While staying private is beneficial for smaller companies that do not want to be exposed to increased risk, IPOs are extremely beneficial for growing businesses. Traditionally, a company should have reached a private valuation of about one billion dollars before considering an IPO.


One of the most important aspects of an IPO is shares valuation. Before a company can go public, it needs to go through a rigorous due diligence process that evaluates the potential price of a share. When this happens, all shares that had previously been private are converted into public ones. In the months before an IPO, the company focuses its attention on popularizing its activities and attracting more potential investors. This is the time when details about the company and the IPO are shared with the public, aiming to showcase why purchasing shares in the company will be a solid investment. 


Throughout the years, IPOs have been rising and falling in popularity, with the 2008 subprime mortgage crisis being the year with the fewest IPOs announced. Today, in 2021, as the global economy has somewhat recovered, more companies are looking to become publicly traded. When it comes to cryptocurrencies, the initial coin offering (ICO) was designed in the same fashion as an IPO. While an IPO offers shares in a company, an ICO is the first instance when a token becomes available for purchase. As with IPOs, there are ups and downs in the number of ICOs held each year. 

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Initial Public Offering (IPO)

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