Minimum Collateralization Ratio (MCR) is the least amount of collateral that needs to be pledged against a given loan.
The minimum collateralization ratio is the minimum percentage of investor funds that must be held in cash or cash equivalents at any time. This is a regulatory requirement to protect the integrity of the market.
The minimum collateralization ratio requirement varies according to the type of fund.
The minimum debt-to-collateral ratio is important because it establishes a benchmark for lenders when deciding whether or not to make a loan. Minimum debt-to-collateral ratios are typically set by lenders within the industry and often vary from one lender to another, although some states have specific laws requiring certain standards. For example, Fannie Mae sets a minimum debt-to-collateral ratio at 36% while Freddie Mac sets its minimum at 40%. The Federal Housing Finance Agency also requires that federally backed mortgages meet certain standards but its ratios differ slightly from those of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
The collateralization ratio is a measure of the relative size of a loan in relation to the value of its security, i.e. collateral that backs the loan. The higher this proportion the less risky the transaction for the lender since he is protected from default by having possession of assets in case the borrower defaults.
The collateralization ratio is also known as Loan-to-Collateral Ratio (LCR) or Collateral Coverage Ratio (CCR).
Minimum Debt to Collateral Ratio = Good Borrowers
The debt to collateral ratio could be as high as 3:1 depending on your credit score and other factors. A good borrower should have a ratio of 2:1 or less. For example, if you have $10,000 in outstanding loans and only $5,000 in property value, then your minimum debt to collateral ratio would be 2:1.
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