Collateral Factor

Collateral Factor is the maximum amount a user can borrow, represented in percentages, based on the total amount of assets supplied.

What Is Collateral Factor?

Collateral Factor is the maximum amount a user can borrow, represented in percentages, based on the total amount of assets supplied. It is also represented by the loan to value ratio (LTV) for various DeFi lending and borrowing protocols, as well as traditional financial institutions.   

In the context of cryptocurrencies, if the Collateral Factor or LTV of USDC is 75%, and a user supplies 100 USDC (worth $100) the user’s borrow limit on this asset would be $75 (100 USDC * 75%) to borrow other assets. 

Generally, more liquid or less volatile assets have higher collateral factors, which can change with market conditions. Different platforms and protocols have their own designated collateral factor depending on their assessment of the asset  

If an asset has a 0% collateral factor, it cannot be used as collateral for borrowing other assets, though the asset itself can still be borrowed.
Depending on individual risk profiles, users can use the collateral factor to minimize liquidation risk and have more leeway to maintain the health of their positions. For example, if the collateral factor of a blue-chip asset like BTC or ETH is 60%, users who deposit those assets and borrow 30% against them have a relatively lower liquidation risk as compared to others who choose to maximize the borrow limits.
Lower collateral factors can also be utilized as a way for projects and protocols to mitigate or control risks for assets with lower on-chain liquidity, as those are more volatile and likely to have drastic price fluctuations leading to events such as liquidation cascades.
Author Bio
Puff is a Contributor at Iron Bank. His experiences include founding and advising crypto projects, with a particular focus on cloud computing, DeFi and Blockchain over the past decade. With extensive leadership experience across various technology companies, Puff is passionate about driving innovation to maximize utility, adoption and security.

Iron Bank is a decentralized lending platform focused on capital efficiency allowing protocols and individuals to supply and borrow cryptocurrencies on Ethereum, Fantom, and Avalanche. It is helping build a better and safer DeFi lending ecosystem, by driving capital efficiency with trusted entities as the liquidity infrastructure and backbone for DeFi and CeFi. 
Iron bank harnesses smart contract automation to offer protocol-to-protocol lending via whitelisting with undercollateralized and uncollateralized lending. Partners include Fixed Forex (Keep3r Network), Yearn Vaults (Yearn Finance), Alpha Homora (Alpha Venture DAO), Multichain, PleasrDAO, and more. While it targets protocol use, non-protocol users can also supply and borrow on the Iron Bank. For more information, visit ib.xyz.