Glossary

Benchmark Index

A benchmark index is a popular index security that is used as a gauge or benchmark, against which the progress of the broader market may be tracked.

What Is Benchmark Index?

A benchmark index is a collection of securities that are used to evaluate the results of other assets in the market. They are stock market performance benchmarks for mutual funds, stocks, bonds, and other assets. Different but roughly comparable indexes are used to evaluate how well or poorly assets function in the market for all sorts of asset classes. The S&P 500, Dow Jones Industrial Average, Nasdaq Composite, and Russell 3000 are all examples of popular benchmark indexes.
Benchmarks are essential while investing in businesses because they allow individual investors to assess the success of their investments. Different kinds of markets and features are covered by these indexes where standards for large, mid-size, and small-cap companies are different. The S&P 500 and the Dow Jones Industrial Average are two well-known stock market indexes. Fixed income, for example, has its own benchmarks, including the Barclays Capital U.S. Aggregate Bond Index, the Barclays Capital U.S. Treasury Bond Index, and a few others as well. Lipper indices are one of the benchmarks used by mutual funds.
In the investing sector, a benchmark is important as it serves as a critical indicator for portfolio and fund management. Before investing in a company, security, or asset, investors and investment managers use these indexes to evaluate its performance. 
Benchmark investing strategies are divided into two categories: smart beta funds and passive investment funds. These tools have successfully responded to various changes that have emerged in the investing sector. When it comes to picking the different types of securities to invest in, active managers also make extensive use of these tools.
The passive investment fund approach allows investors to acquire exposure to benchmarking system. Benchmark investments, in principle, provide investors with the information they need to make educated selections when it comes to stocks, bonds, and other assets to invest in. 
A great example of benchmark indexes in the world of blockchain would be HFR Blockchain Index Methodology. It consists of a set of benchmarks created to represent the success of fund managers who participate in blockchain projects and shared ledger technology.
Cryptocurrency and infrastructure technologies are two sub-strategies of the Blockchain approach. Cryptocurrency fund managers employ a range of trading methods in order to benefit from exposure to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other digital currencies.

Infrastructure managers put their money into businesses that are creating blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies, which are essentially disintermediating payment systems, banking, market trading structures, IoT, healthcare, remittances, supply chains, digital identification, and more. The HFR Blockchain Indices are readjusted every three months where all index constituents are evenly weighted at the moment of rebalancing.

A fund must meet the following criteria to be considered for inclusion in the HFR Blockchain Indices:

  • Returns are due every month
  • Returns on all fees are not included in the report

In general, benchmark indexes are a great way of comparing the performance of your asset or investment portfolio and adjust them according to the way they perform over a certain period.