Ethereum: A Visual Look
Tech Deep Dives

Ethereum: A Visual Look

CoinMarketCap Alexandria takes a visual look at some key Ethereum metrics as the year comes to a close.

Ethereum: A Visual Look

Mục lục

Ethereum investors won’t be happy if they look at the ETH/USD chart — Ethereum has lost a good two-thirds of its USD value year-to-date. But dig a bit deeper and things don’t look that bleak anymore. Let’s have a look at some charts illustrating Ethereum’s fundamentals.

Ethereum: Price Against BTC

Source: https://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/ethereum/

The ETH/USD (in red) chart sure does not paint a pretty picture. But the ETH/BTC (in orange) chart tells another story: ETH is down only a good 15% against BTC year-to-date. Over the summer, Ethereum even significantly outperformed Bitcoin in anticipation of a successful switch to proof-of-stake and heading towards deflationary ETH supply. The excitement slightly faded after the successful Merge. But the market seems to see only marginally more downside risk in Ethereum compared to Bitcoin.

Ethereum: Daily Earnings in Profit

Source: Token Terminal

Ethereum makes money? You bet it does! Gas fees are the protocol’s source of revenue, so the higher the gas fees, the more revenue Ethereum makes. When gas fees > issuance of new ETH (as incentives to validators), Ethereum becomes profitable — this is the famous deflationary dynamic in ETH. Ethereum has become deflationary, and thus profitable, for the first time since the Merge. However, this is likely due to the volatility resulting from the FTX fallout.

Ethereum: Deflationary Post-Merge

Source: Glassnode

A profitable Ethereum was not possible with high emissions of new ETH. The Merge — which saw the Ethereum network transition from proof-of-work (PoW) to proof-of-stake (PoS) — decreased the issuance of new ETH by 90%+.

Source: ultrasound.money

As part of the EIP-1559 upgrade, a part of gas fees are burned. When ETH burned > issuance of ETH, the supply of ETH becomes deflationary, or as the meme puts it: ultra sound money. For now, there has been no short-term effect on the price, but deflationary ETH (at the time of writing) implies the protocol operates in profit —  a massive fundamental change.

Ethereum: Addresses With Non-Zero Balance

Source: Glassnode

Even though the price has been sliding, the number of ETH addresses with a non-zero balance has increased by over 25%. All these addresses are potential or already active protocol users. One address may not necessarily correspond to one user, but this growth is still a testament to greater fundamental interest in Ethereum.

Layer 2s: Unique Addresses

Arbitrum

Source: Arbiscan.io

Layer two (L2) users could be called ‘Ethereum power users’ since many will be onboarded from the L1 to an L2. But thanks to lower transaction fees and continued development of DApps, interest in L2s like Arbitrum is growing parabolically: the number Arbitrum addresses has grown by a factor of four this year. This far exceeds growth on the first layer and is even more impressive considering Arbitrum launched in September 2021!

Optimism

Source: Optimistic.Etherscan.io

It’s an almost identical picture for Optimism: the amount of active addresses on the L2 has more than 10X’d since the start of the year. The much-hyped launch of the OP token with an accompanying airdrop sure helped. Compared to Arbitrum, the two blockchains are almost neck and neck in user interest.

Transactions: Layer 2s Exceeds Mainnet

Source: Orbiter.finance

Coinciding with the spike in unique wallets, the amount of L2 transactions has been picking up markedly in Q4 and has roughly doubled over the last few weeks. Some of that growth came by cannibalizing Ethereum Mainnet transactions — L2 transactions now exceed L1 transactions. But aggregating both counts, the amount of transactions has grown roughly 25% in the last three months.

Total Value Locked: Mainnet vs. Layer 2s

Source: Orbiter.finance

Still, when it comes to total value locked (TVL), the Ethereum Mainnet reigns supreme. Roughly 80% of combined L1+L2 total value locked is on the Mainnet. It seems that for now, interest in L2 products is growing quickly but the big money remains on the L1.
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