Following the recent geopolitical events, IntoTheBlock looks at three key on-chain metrics to delve into Bitcoin's behavior during times of crisis.
Throughout the night of Feb. 23, 2022, Russia launched a full-scale invasion into Ukraine territory. Tension between the two had been escalating since November 2021 when satellite imagery showed Russia increasing its military presence on the border with Ukraine. The invasion caused a ripple effect across world economic markets.
Key Bitcoin Metrics and Insights Gleaned
Trading volume metrics are important for investors to take in consideration when trying to identify momentum and volatility in the market. Usually high volume is followed by a significant increase or decrease in the asset's price. As is the case with spot and derivatives markets, volume can act as a sign of trend strength of the price movement.
The above indicator shows the volume traded of perpetual swap contracts on the top exchanges. Perpetual swap contracts (perps) are the most traded instrument in the derivatives market. This type of derivative experienced fast adoption after its release by BitMex, ultimately being adopted by most centralized exchanges and passing spot trading in volume traded shortly after. Currently the derivatives market contains more liquidity, hence more volume is traded and as a consequence, it gives more insightful metrics of the market sentiment.
During the market volatility on Feb. 24, 2022, perpetual swap contracts traded volume reached $133.86 billion, the highest recorded so far in 2022. This is important to note as derivatives volume can act as a sign of trend and can point to potential reversals. In this case the high volume is partially due to liquidations from volatility. On the other hand it also suggests high trading activity.
Furthermore, another key metric that caught our attention was Bitcoin’s price performance in correlation with gold.
The problem is Bitcoin’s correlation with gold is almost non-existent. Currently having correlation of 0.12 between their prices leaves the thesis of digital gold out of option and illustrates investors' view on store of value assets in a time of crisis.
With this in mind we analyzed Bitcoin’s historical correlation with the Russell 2000 index, which contains small market capitalization stocks and are regarded as riskier investments.
In conclusion, this article gives further insight of the distinct metrics affected by the recent geopolitical situations. In addition, we analyze Bitcoin’s possible behavior characteristics and what it may be more susceptible to. Constant monitoring of these metrics helps to gain and develop further insight and understanding of the market. Potentially due to its young age, Bitcoin narratives and use-cases have evolved over time. Worldwide events like the one occurring now will continue to shape Bitcoin’s behavior. It's important to take this into account, since its behavior will help define possible outcomes.