A collateralized debt obligation (CDO) represents a mixture of loans and assets that are offered to big investment firms with a lot of capital.
Collateral is any form of asset (property, car, commodities) that is given to a lender in order for the borrower to take out a loan. In the case of collateralized debt obligations, the collateral is usually a car or a property. CDO’s are typically created by banks and then offered to institutional investors.
When banks select a mixture of loans and assets for a CDO, they are looking to create a balanced ratio between risk and reward. There are a wide variety of assets that can be included in a CDO. Mortgage-backed securities, for example, consist of mortgage loans, while asset-backed securities consist of corporate and private debt, automobile leases and loans, and credit card debt. A CDO can include any of these types of loans and debt obligations.
While between 2003 and 2007, CDOs were regarded as the next big hit in institutional investment, they quickly saw their demise with the sub-prime mortgage crisis that hit the U.S. in 2007. Unfortunately, many of the CDOs that were sold between 2006 and 2008 comprised mortgage-backed securities, which in turn carried higher risk. As more people were defaulting on their mortgages, many of these CDOs started rapidly losing their value.
Since the housing bubble burst in the U.S., CDOs have somewhat lost their spot among the most preferred derivative investment options. Even so, banks still utilize them on a much smaller scale to generate liquidity faster.
Join the thousands already learning crypto!